DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.


LGBTQ Representation 


lqbtq exploitation
lgbtq pandering           


lgbtq erasure   


lgbtq marginalization   




Queerbaiting.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Feb. 2018.



Norquay, Kate. “Why children need to be exposed to queer characters in the media.”


Anderson-Minshall, Diane. “Why ParaNorman Featured the First Gay Character in an

Animated FIlm. ” ADVOCATE, Advocate.com, 29 Nov. 2012.



Brammer, J.P. “Steven Universe is the Queerest Animated Show on TV . ” Vulture , 30
Jan. 2017, 11:23am.



C, Harley. “Media Still Has a Problem With Queer Women. ” The Huffington Post , The
Huffington Post, 23 Jan. 2017.


“Disney Airs Its First Gay Kiss. ” OneMillionMoms.com, OneMillionMoms.



Ewart, Asia. “Four Cartoons that are Leading the Way in LGBT Visibility. ” Metro US , 9
July 2015.



Nichols, James Michael. “One Million Moms is Freaking Out About This Gay Cartoon
Kiss.” The Huffington Post, The Huffington Post, 2 Mar. 2017.



Osterndorf, Chris. “Animation's Gay Revolution Isn't as Progressive as you Think. ” The Week - All you need to know about everything that matters , 30 June 2014.


Paul, Kari. “ All the Cartoon Characters from My Childhood Were Queer. ” Vice, Vice, 23 Aug. 2017.


Puglise, Nicole. “From Nickelodeon to Disney: children's TV leads the way for LGBT
characters. ” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 19 July 2016.


Rude, Mey. “Rebecca Sugar is Bisexual: Steven Universe Creator Comes Out at

Comic-Con.” Autostraddle , 23 July 2016.


Shakeri, Sima. “'Bury Your Gays,' Queerbaiting, and TV's LGBTQ Problem. ” HuffPost
Canada, Huffington Post Canada, 30 June 2017.


The rise of queer representation in LGBT cartoons.” Lesbian News, 1 Mar. 2016.



Busch, Caitlin. “Invisible LGBT 'Young Justice' Heroes Aren't Quite Enough.” Inverse, Inverse, 9 Jan. 2017, www.inverse.com/article/26106-young-justice-lgbt-representation-twitter-greg-we sman-season-3-netflix


Clark, Heather L. “"My Lesbian Space Rock Show": Representations of Intersectional Identities in Steven Universe.” Digital Commons @ Humboldt State University , Humboldt State University, 13 May 2017, digitalcommons.humboldt.edu/etd/39/


Ewart, Asia. “Four cartoons that are leading the way in LGBT visibility.” Metro US, Metro, 9 July 2015, www.metro.us/entertainment/four-cartoons-that-are-leading-the-way-in-lgbt-visibil ity/zsJogi---ekjB9tKntGMWg . 


Jiménez, Karleen Pendleton. “3. The Making of a Queer Latina Cartoon: Pedagogies of Border, Body, and Home.” Tomboys and Other Gender Heroes, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 125–134. EBSCO , doi:10.3726/978-1-4539-1802-9/7.  


“LGBT Terms and Definitions:” Welcome, Stop Homophobiawww.stop-homophobia.com/lgbt-terms-and-definitions


Nicole. “When Will We Get LGBT Characters in Cartoons?” Observation Deck, Observationdeck.kinja.com, 27 June 2014,



Becker, Amy B., and Lauren Copeland. “Networked publics: How connective social media use facilitates political consumerism among LGBT Americans.” Journal of Information Technology & Politics, vol. 13, no. 1, 2015, pp. 22–36.,


Two transgender women were killed in a week. 18 transgender people have been killed this year https://www.cnn.com/2019/09/14/us/transgender-women-florida-maryland-week/index.html



DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.